Cobbler部署介绍

2017年11月3日23:53:08Cobbler部署介绍已关闭评论 601 views

第1章 cobbler安装部署

1.1 Cobbler介绍

Cobbler是一个Linux服务器安装的服务,可以通过网络启动(PXE)的方式来快速安装、重装物理服务器和虚拟机,同时还可以管理DHCP,DNS等。

Cobbler可以使用命令行方式管理,也提供了基于Web的界面管理工具(cobbler-web),还提供了API接口,可以方便二次开发使用。

Cobbler是较早前的kickstart的升级版,优点是比较容易配置,还自带web界面比较易于管理。

Cobbler内置了一个轻量级配置管理系统,但它也支持和其它配置管理系统集成,如Puppet,暂时不支持SaltStack。

提示:cobbler官网:http://cobbler.github.io/

1.1.1 Cobbler集成的服务

  • PXE服务支持
  • DHCP服务管理
  • DNS服务管理(可选bind,dnsmasq)
  • 电源管理
  • Kickstart服务支持
  • YUM仓库管理
  • TFTP(PXE启动时需要)
  • Apache(提供kickstart的安装源,并提供定制化的kickstart配置)

1.2 系统环境准备

同kickstart系统环境准备。

1.3 安装cobbler

1.3.1 安装cobbler-web依赖源

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[root@m01 ~]# yum localinstall -y http://ftp.linux.ncsu.edu/pub/epel/6/x86_64/Django14-1.4.21-1.el6.noarch.rpm
# 或者(如果外网环境不好可以使用内网yum源)
[root@m01 ~]# yum localinstall -y http://10.0.0.90/epel/6/x86_64/Django14-1.4.21-1.el6.noarch.rpm

1.3.2 安装cobbler相关软件

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[root@m01 ~]# yum install -y cobbler cobbler-web dhcp tftp-server pykickstart httpd

1.3.3 cobbler安装文件说明

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[root@m01 ~]# rpm -ql cobbler # 查看安装的文件,下面列出部分。
/etc/cobbler                  # 配置文件目录
/etc/cobbler/settings         # cobbler主配置文件,这个文件是YAML格式,Cobbler是python写的程序。
/etc/cobbler/dhcp.template    # DHCP服务的配置模板
/etc/cobbler/tftpd.template   # tftp服务的配置模板
/etc/cobbler/rsync.template   # rsync服务的配置模板
/etc/cobbler/iso              # iso模板配置文件目录
/etc/cobbler/pxe              # pxe模板文件目录
/etc/cobbler/power            # 电源的配置文件目录
/etc/cobbler/users.conf       # Web服务授权配置文件
/etc/cobbler/users.digest     # 用于web访问的用户名密码配置文件
/etc/cobbler/dnsmasq.template # DNS服务的配置模板
/etc/cobbler/modules.conf     # Cobbler模块配置文件
/var/lib/cobbler              # Cobbler数据目录
/var/lib/cobbler/config       # 配置文件
/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts   # 默认存放kickstart文件
/var/lib/cobbler/loaders      # 存放的各种引导程序
/var/www/cobbler              # 系统安装镜像目录
/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror    # 导入的系统镜像列表
/var/www/cobbler/images       # 导入的系统镜像启动文件
/var/www/cobbler/repo_mirror  # yum源存储目录
/var/log/cobbler              # 日志目录
/var/log/cobbler/install.log  # 客户端系统安装日志
/var/log/cobbler/cobbler.log  # cobbler日志

1.3.4 启动服务

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[root@m01 ~]# service httpd restart     # 重启apache服务
[root@m01 ~]# service cobblerd start    # 启动cobbler服务

1.4 下载cobbler启动文件

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler get-loaders
# 或预先下载相关文件后上传到服务器
[root@m01 ~]# wget http://192.168.12.200/cobbler/cobbler_load.tar.gz
[root@m01 ~]# tar xfP cobbler_load.tar.gz

1.5 配置DHCP

修改cobbler的dhcp模版,不要直接修改dhcp本身的配置文件,因为cobbler会覆盖。

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[root@m01 ~]# vim /etc/cobbler/dhcp.template
 21 subnet 10.0.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
 22      option routers             10.0.0.254;
 23      option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.254;
 24      option subnet-mask         255.255.255.0;
 25      range dynamic-bootp        10.0.0.150 10.0.0.200;
# 或
[root@m01 ~]# cp /etc/cobbler/dhcp.template{,.bak}
# 下面的命令只可执行一次,不可多次执行,否则配置文件会被损坏
[root@m01 ~]# sed -i 's#192.168.1#172.16.1#g;22d;23d' /etc/cobbler/dhcp.template
注意:刚安装完dhcp时无法启动服务,因为dhcp配置文件未编写,需要待cobbler同步后方可启动dhcp服务。

1.6 配置Cobbler

1.6.1 cobbler自查配置

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# 检查Cobbler的配置,如果看不到下面的结果,再次执行/etc/init.d/cobblerd restart
[root@m01 ~]# cobbler check
The following are potential configuration items that you may want to fix:

1 : service dhcpd is not running
2 : change 'disable' to 'no' in /etc/xinetd.d/tftp
3 : The 'server' field in /etc/cobbler/settings must be set to something other than localhost, or kickstarting features will not work.  This should be a resolvable hostname or IP for the boot server as reachable by all machines that will use it.
4 : For PXE to be functional, the 'next_server' field in /etc/cobbler/settings must be set to something other than 127.0.0.1, and should match the IP of the boot server on the PXE network.
5 : change 'disable' to 'no' in /etc/xinetd.d/rsync
6 : file /etc/xinetd.d/rsync does not exist
7 : debmirror package is not installed, it will be required to manage debian deployments and repositories
8 : The default password used by the sample templates for newly installed machines (default_password_crypted in /etc/cobbler/settings) is still set to 'cobbler' and should be changed, try: "openssl passwd -1 -salt 'random-phrase-here' 'your-password-here'" to generate new one
9 : fencing tools were not found, and are required to use the (optional) power management features. install cman or fence-agents to use them

Restart cobblerd and then run 'cobbler sync' to apply changes.

1.6.2 解决第1个问题

此时只配置了DHCP模板,但DHCP配置文件还没有更改,所以无法直接启动DHCP服务,只要之后cobbler同步一次即可解决问题:

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler sync

1.6.3 解决第2个问题

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[root@cobbler ~]# vim /etc/xinetd.d/tftp
# default: off
# description: The tftp server serves files using the trivial file transfer \
#       protocol.  The tftp protocol is often used to boot diskless \
#       workstations, download configuration files to network-aware printers, \
#       and to start the installation process for some operating systems.
service tftp
{
        socket_type             = dgram
        protocol                = udp
        wait                    = yes
        user                    = root
        server                  = /usr/sbin/in.tftpd
        server_args             = -s /var/lib/tftpboot
        disable                 = no            # 将yes改为no
        per_source              = 11
        cps                     = 100 2
        flags                   = IPv4
}

1.6.4 解决第3、4、8个问题

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[root@m01 ~]# cp /etc/cobbler/settings{,.bak}   # 备份配置文件

# 生成加密密码,random-phrase-here为干扰码,可以自行设定。
[root@m01 ~]# openssl passwd -1 -salt 'oldboy' '123456'
$1$oldboy$Npg9Pt9k98Mlg0ZeqHAuN1

[root@m01 ~]# vim /etc/cobbler/settings
# 设置新装系统的默认root密码123456。
101 default_password_crypted: "$1$oldboy$Npg9Pt9k98Mlg0ZeqHAuN1"
# 用Cobbler管理DHCP
242 manage_dhcp: 1        
# 如果用Cobbler管理DHCP,修改本项,作用参看kickstart。
272 next_server: 10.0.0.61
# 防止循环装系统,适用于服务器第一启动项是PXE启动。
292 pxe_just_once: 1      
# Cobbler服务器的IP
384 server: 10.0.0.61

1.6.5 解决第5个问题

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[root@m01 ~]# vim /etc/xinetd.d/rsync
# default: off
# description: The rsync server is a good addition to an ftp server, as it \
#       allows crc checksumming etc.
service rsync
{
        disable = no                        # 将yes改为no
        flags           = IPv6
        socket_type     = stream
        wait            = no
        user            = root
        server          = /usr/bin/rsync
        server_args     = --daemon
        log_on_failure  += USERID
}
[root@m01 ~]# service xinetd restart
[root@m01 ~]# service cobblerd restart

1.6.6 批量解决上述问题

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sed -i 's/server: 127.0.0.1/server: 172.16.1.101/' /etc/cobbler/settings
sed -i 's/next_server: 127.0.0.1/next_server: 172.16.1.101/' /etc/cobbler/settings
sed -i 's/manage_dhcp: 0/manage_dhcp: 1/' /etc/cobbler/settings
sed -i 's/pxe_just_once: 0/pxe_just_once: 1/' /etc/cobbler/settings
sed -ri "/default_password_crypted/s#(.*: ).*#\1"`openssl passwd -1 -salt 'oldboy' '123456'`"#" /etc/cobbler/settings
sed -i 's#yes#no#' /etc/xinetd.d/rsync
sed -i 's#yes#no#' /etc/xinetd.d/tftp

1.6.7 查看更改后结果

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[root@m01 loaders]# cobbler check
The following are potential configuration items that you may want to fix:

1 : file /etc/xinetd.d/rsync does not exist     # 程序开发的逻辑错误,即程序bug
2 : debmirror package is not installed, it will be required to manage debian deployments and repositories                                    # 和debian系统相关,不需要
3 : fencing tools were not found, and are required to use the (optional) power management features. install cman or fence-agents to use them        # fence电源管理设备相关,不需要

Restart cobblerd and then run 'cobbler sync' to apply changes.

1.7 同步cobbler配置

同步最新cobbler配置,它会根据配置自动修改dhcp等服务。

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler sync  # 同步所有配置

1.8 设置相关服务开机启动

启动相关服务并设置开机启动(可选) 与第二种方法二选一

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[root@m01 ~]# chkconfig httpd on
[root@m01 ~]# chkconfig xinetd on
[root@m01 ~]# chkconfig cobblerd on
[root@m01 ~]# chkconfig dhcpd on
[root@m01 ~]# service httpd restart
[root@m01 ~]# service xinetd restart
[root@m01 ~]# service cobblerd restart
[root@m01 ~]# service dhcpd restart

1.8.1 编写Cobbler相关服务启动脚本(可选)

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[root@m01 ~]# vim /etc/init.d/cobbler
#!/bin/bash
# chkconfig: 345 80 90
# description:cobbler
case \$1 in
  start)
    /etc/init.d/httpd start
    /etc/init.d/xinetd start
    /etc/init.d/dhcpd start
    /etc/init.d/cobblerd start
    ;;
  stop)
    /etc/init.d/httpd stop
    /etc/init.d/xinetd stop
    /etc/init.d/dhcpd stop
    /etc/init.d/cobblerd stop
    ;;
  restart)
    /etc/init.d/httpd restart
    /etc/init.d/xinetd restart
    /etc/init.d/dhcpd restart
    /etc/init.d/cobblerd restart
    ;;
  status)
    /etc/init.d/httpd status
    /etc/init.d/xinetd status
    /etc/init.d/dhcpd status
    /etc/init.d/cobblerd status
    ;;
  sync)
    cobbler sync
    ;;
  *)
    echo "Input error,please in put 'start|stop|restart|status|sync'!"
    exit 2
    ;;
esac
[root@m01 ~]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/cobbler
[root@m01 ~]# chkconfig cobbler on

1.9 cobbler的命令行管理

1.9.1 查看命令帮助

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler
usage
=====
cobbler <distro|profile|system|repo|image|mgmtclass|package|file> ...
        [add|edit|copy|getks*|list|remove|rename|report] [options|--help]
cobbler <aclsetup|buildiso|import|list|replicate|report|reposync|sync|validateks|version|signature|get-loaders|hardlink> [options|--help]

[root@m01 ~]# cobbler import --help
Usage: cobbler [options]

Options:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --arch=ARCH           OS architecture being imported
  --breed=BREED         the breed being imported
  --os-version=OS_VERSION
                        the version being imported
  --path=PATH           local path or rsync location
  --name=NAME           name, ex 'RHEL-5'
  --available-as=AVAILABLE_AS
                        tree is here, don't mirror
  --kickstart=KICKSTART_FILE
                        assign this kickstart file
  --rsync-flags=RSYNC_FLAGS
                        pass additional flags to rsync

cobbler check    # 核对当前设置是否有问题
cobbler list     # 列出所有的cobbler元素
cobbler report   # 列出元素的详细信息
cobbler sync     # 同步配置到数据目录,更改配置最好都要执行下
cobbler reposync # 同步yum仓库
cobbler distro   # 查看导入的发行版系统信息
cobbler system   # 查看添加的系统信息
cobbler profile  # 查看配置信息

1.9.2 修改cobbler提示(可选)

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[root@m01 ~]# vim /etc/cobbler/pxe/pxedefault.template
DEFAULT menu
PROMPT 0
MENU TITLE Cobbler | http://www.leon.com    # 修改此处即可
TIMEOUT 200
TOTALTIMEOUT 6000
ONTIMEOUT $pxe_timeout_profile

LABEL local
        MENU LABEL (local)
        MENU DEFAULT
        LOCALBOOT -1

$pxe_menu_items

MENU end

1.10 CentOS6.x自动部署配置

1.10.1 导入镜像

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[root@m01 ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt
[root@m01 ~]# cobbler import --path=/mnt/ --name=CentOS6.9-x86_64 --arch=x86_64
  • 命令说明:
  • --path 镜像路径
  • --name 为安装源定义一个名字
  • --arch 指定安装源是32位、64位、ia64, 目前支持的选项有: x86│x86_64│ia64
  • 安装源的唯一标示就是根据name参数来定义,本例导入成功后,安装源的唯一标示就是:9-x86_64,如果重复,系统会提示导入失败。
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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler distro list   # 查看镜像列表
   CentOS6.9-x86_64
# 镜像存放目录,cobbler会将镜像中的所有安装文件拷贝到本地一份,放在/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror下的CentOS6.9-x86_64目录下。因此/var/www/cobbler目录必须具有足够容纳安装文件的空间。
[root@m01 ~]# cd /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/
[root@m01 ks_mirror]# ls
CentOS6.9-x86_64  config
[root@m01 ks_mirror]# ls CentOS6.9-x86_64/
CentOS_BuildTag  isolinux                  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Debug-6
EFI              Packages                  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Security-6
EULA             RELEASE-NOTES-en-US.html  RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Testing-6
GPL              repodata                  TRANS.TBL
images           RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

1.10.2 指定ks.cfg文件及调整内核参数

1.10.2.1 查看cobbler默认配置文件

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[root@m01 ~]# cd /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/
[root@m01 kickstarts]# ls
default.ks    install_profiles  sample_autoyast.xml  sample_esxi4.ks  sample_old.seed
esxi4-ks.cfg  legacy.ks         sample_end.ks(默认)sample_esxi5.ks  sample.seed
esxi5-ks.cfg  pxerescue.ks      sample_esx4.ks       sample.ks

1.10.2.2 编辑cobbler配置文件

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# 在第一次导入系统镜像后,Cobbler会给镜像指定一个默认的kickstart自动安装文件
# 在/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts下的sample_end.ks。
[root@m01 kickstarts]# vim /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS6.9-x86_64.cfg
# Cobbler for Kickstart Configurator for CentOS 6.9 by Leon
install
url --url=$tree
text
lang en_US.UTF-8
keyboard us
zerombr
bootloader --location=mbr --driveorder=sda --append="crashkernel=auto rhgb quiet"
$SNIPPET('network_config')
timezone --utc Asia/Shanghai
authconfig --enableshadow --passalgo=sha512
rootpw  --iscrypted $default_password_crypted
clearpart --all --initlabel
part /boot --fstype=ext4 --asprimary --size=200
part swap --size=1024
part / --fstype=ext4 --grow --asprimary --size=200
firstboot --disable
selinux --disabled
firewall --disabled
logging --level=info
reboot

%pre
$SNIPPET('log_ks_pre')
$SNIPPET('kickstart_start')
$SNIPPET('pre_install_network_config')
# Enable installation monitoring
$SNIPPET('pre_anamon')
%end

%packages
@base
@compat-libraries
@debugging
@development
tree
nmap
sysstat
lrzsz
dos2unix
telnet
%end

%post --nochroot
$SNIPPET('log_ks_post_nochroot')
%end

%post --nochroot
$SNIPPET('log_ks_post_nochroot')
%end

%post
$SNIPPET('log_ks_post')
# Start yum configuration
$yum_config_stanza
# End yum configuration
$SNIPPET('post_install_kernel_options')
$SNIPPET('post_install_network_config')
$SNIPPET('func_register_if_enabled')
$SNIPPET('download_config_files')
$SNIPPET('koan_environment')
$SNIPPET('redhat_register')
$SNIPPET('cobbler_register')
# Enable post-install boot notification
$SNIPPET('post_anamon')
# Start final steps
$SNIPPET('kickstart_done')
# End final steps
%end

1.10.2.3 查看cobbler信息列表

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler list
distros:
   CentOS6.9-x86_64

profiles:
   CentOS6.9-x86_64

systems:

repos:

images:

mgmtclasses:

packages:

files:

1.10.2.4 查看安装镜像文件信息

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler distro report --name=CentOS6.9-x86_64
Name                           : CentOS6.9-x86_64
Architecture                   : x86_64
TFTP Boot Files                : {}
Breed                          : redhat
Comment                        :
Fetchable Files                : {}
Initrd                         : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS6.9-x86_64/images/pxeboot/initrd.img
Kernel                         : /var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/CentOS6.9-x86_64/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz
Kernel Options                 : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install)  : {}
Kickstart Metadata             : {'tree': 'http://@@http_server@@/cblr/links/CentOS6.9-x86_64'}
Management Classes             : []
OS Version                     : rhel6
Owners                         : ['admin']
Red Hat Management Key         : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server      : <<inherit>>
Template Files                 : {}

1.10.2.5 查看所有的profile设置[指定的profile设置]

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler profile report [--name=CentOS6.9-x86_64]
Name                           : CentOS6.9-x86_64
TFTP Boot Files                : {}
Comment                        :
DHCP Tag                       : default
Distribution                   : CentOS6.9-x86_64
Enable gPXE                    : 0
Enable PXE Menu                : 1
Fetchable Files                : {}
Kernel Options                 : {}
Kernel Options (Post Install)  : {}
Kickstart                      : /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/sample_end.ks
Kickstart Metadata             : {}
Management Classes             : []
Management Parameters          : <<inherit>>
Name Servers                   : []
Name Servers Search Path       : []
Owners                         : ['admin']
Parent Profile                 :
Internal proxy                 :
Red Hat Management Key         : <<inherit>>
Red Hat Management Server      : <<inherit>>
Repos                          : []
Server Override                : <<inherit>>
Template Files                 : {}
Virt Auto Boot                 : 1
Virt Bridge                    : xenbr0
Virt CPUs                      : 1
Virt Disk Driver Type          : raw
Virt File Size(GB)             : 5
Virt Path                      :
Virt RAM (MB)                  : 512
Virt Type                      : kvm

1.10.3 修改关联的ks文件

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[root@m01 kickstarts]# cobbler profile edit --name=CentOS6.9-x86_64 --kickstart=/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS6.9-x86_64.cfg
# 每次修改完都要同步一次
[root@m01 kickstarts]# cobbler sync

1.11 CentOS7.x自动部署配置

1.11.1 导入镜像

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[root@m01 ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt
[root@m01 ~]# cobbler import --path=/mnt/ --name=CentOS7.2-x86_64 --arch=x86_64

1.11.2 编辑CentOS7的ks.cfg文件

1.11.2.1 文本界面的ks.cfg

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[root@m01 ~]# vim /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS7.2-text-x86_64.cfg
# Cobbler for Kickstart Configurator for CentOS 7.2 by Leon

authconfig --enableshadow --passalgo=sha512
install
url --url=$tree
text
ignoredisk --only-use=sda
lang en_US.UTF-8
keyboard --vckeymap=us --xlayouts='us'

$SNIPPET('network_config')
network  --hostname=CentOS7
rootpw  --iscrypted $default_password_crypted
services --disabled="chronyd"
timezone Asia/Shanghai --isUtc --nontp
bootloader --location=mbr --boot-drive=sda
zerombr
clearpart --all --initlabel
part /boot --fstype="xfs" --ondisk=sda --size=1024
part swap --fstype="swap" --ondisk=sda --size=1024
part / --fstype="xfs" --grow --ondisk=sda --size=18431
selinux --disabled
firewall --disabled
logging --level=info
reboot

%pre
$SNIPPET('log_ks_pre')
$SNIPPET('kickstart_start')
$SNIPPET('pre_install_network_config')
# Enable installation monitoring
$SNIPPET('pre_anamon')
%end

%packages
@^minimal
@compat-libraries
@core
@debugging
@development
tree
nmap
sysstat
lrzsz
dos2unix
telnet
vim
wget
iptraf
ncurses-devel
openssl-devel
zlib-devel
OpenIPMI-tools
screen
net-tools
bash-completion
nc
htop
nethogs
%end

%addon com_redhat_kdump --disable --reserve-mb='auto'
%end

%post --nochroot
$SNIPPET('log_ks_post_nochroot')
%end

%post
$SNIPPET('log_ks_post')
# Start yum configuration
$yum_config_stanza
# End yum configuration
$SNIPPET('post_install_kernel_options')
$SNIPPET('post_install_network_config')
$SNIPPET('func_register_if_enabled')
$SNIPPET('download_config_files')
$SNIPPET('koan_environment')
$SNIPPET('redhat_register')
$SNIPPET('cobbler_register')
# Enable post-install boot notification
$SNIPPET('post_anamon')
# Start final steps
$SNIPPET('kickstart_done')
# End final steps
%end

1.11.2.2 图形界面的ks.cfg

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[root@m01 ~]# vim /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS7.2-GUI-x86_64.cfg
# Cobbler for Kickstart Configurator for CentOS 7.2 by Leon

authconfig --enableshadow --passalgo=sha512
install
url --url=$tree
text
ignoredisk --only-use=sda
lang en_US.UTF-8
keyboard --vckeymap=us --xlayouts='us'

$SNIPPET('network_config')
network  --hostname=CentOS7

# Root password
rootpw  --iscrypted $default_password_crypted
# System services
services --disabled="chronyd"
# System timezone
timezone Asia/Shanghai --isUtc --nontp
user --name=leon --password=$6$S6wk2okXhl/Sw99S$p6GEMy4fARjSIX4IG5ilhLbl7Fuu7bcw7fBPzILVB8p0v/kJvBpLwlCAjEFQeHfaiOE.d0cv/RkKfyRO9rVXB/ --iscrypted --gecos="Leon"
# X Window System configuration information
xconfig  --startxonboot
# License agreement
eula --agreed
# System bootloader configuration
bootloader --location=mbr --boot-drive=sda --append="crashkernel=auto rhgb quiet"
# Partition clearing information
zerombr
clearpart --all --initlabel
# Disk partitioning information
part /boot --fstype="xfs" --ondisk=sda --size=1024
part swap --fstype="swap" --ondisk=sda --size=1024
part / --fstype="xfs" --grow --ondisk=sda --size=18431
# Set system security
selinux --disabled
firewall --disabled
logging --level=info
reboot

%pre
$SNIPPET('log_ks_pre')
$SNIPPET('kickstart_start')
$SNIPPET('pre_install_network_config')
# Enable installation monitoring
$SNIPPET('pre_anamon')
%end

%packages
@^gnome-desktop-environment
@base
@compat-libraries
@core
@desktop-debugging
@development
@dial-up
@directory-client
@fonts
@gnome-desktop
@guest-agents
@guest-desktop-agents
@input-methods
@internet-browser
@java-platform
@multimedia
@network-file-system-client
@networkmanager-submodules
@print-client
@x11
tree
nmap
dos2unix
telnet
iptraf
ncurses-devel
openssl-devel
zlib-devel
OpenIPMI-tools
screen
tigervnc-server
%end

%addon com_redhat_kdump --disable --reserve-mb='auto'
%end

%post --nochroot
$SNIPPET('log_ks_post_nochroot')
%end

%post
$SNIPPET('log_ks_post')
# Start yum configuration
$yum_config_stanza
# End yum configuration
$SNIPPET('post_install_kernel_options')
$SNIPPET('post_install_network_config')
$SNIPPET('func_register_if_enabled')
$SNIPPET('download_config_files')
$SNIPPET('koan_environment')
$SNIPPET('redhat_register')
$SNIPPET('cobbler_register')
# Enable post-install boot notification
$SNIPPET('post_anamon')
# Start final steps
$SNIPPET('kickstart_done')
# End final steps
%end

1.11.13重命名CentOS7.2-x86_64的profile文件

Cobbler部署介绍

1.11.4 制作新的GUI profile文件

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

1.12 自动化安装系统

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

如上图:此时如果有多个系统则会显示在此处,手动选择需要安装的系统即可,或直接在ks.cfg文件中定义要安装的系统。

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

1.13 查看安装结果

Cobbler部署介绍

1.14 定制化安装

1.14.1 区分物理机的方式

区分一台服务器的最简单的方法就是物理MAC地址,物理服务器的MAC地址书写在服务器上的标签,虚拟机的MAC查看方式:

Cobbler部署介绍

1.14.2 进行定制化安装

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[root@m01 ~]# cobbler system add --name=Leon --mac=00:50:56:2C:76:77 --profile=CentOS7.4-x86_64 --ip-address=10.0.0.111 --subnet=255.255.255.0 --gateway=10.0.0.254 --interface=eth0 --static=1 --hostname=Test --name-servers="223.5.5.5 223.6.6.6"      # --name 自定义但不能重复
[root@m01 ~]# cobbler system list                       # 查看定义的列表
   Leon
[root@cobbler ~]# cobbler sync

此时开机安装会为MAC地址为00:50:56:2C:76:77的物理机自动安装CentOS7.4,不需要自己再选择要安装的系统了。

第2章 Cobbler的Web管理

2.1 登录cobbler-web界面

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

2.2 导入光盘镜像

2.2.1 导入镜像

Cobbler部署介绍

2.2.2 查看导入日志

Cobbler部署介绍

2.2.3 查看导入结果

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

2.3 导入ks文件模板

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

2.4 自定义安装系统

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

Cobbler部署介绍

2.5 再次开启网络启动

Cobbler部署介绍

2.6 同步配置

Cobbler部署介绍

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